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The Magna Carta in The Houston Museum of Natural Science

magna carta by Joseph Earnest Newscastmedia.com

Inside the Houston Museum of Natural Science at the Magna Carta display.—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

by Joseph Earnest  May 4, 2014

 

Newscast Media HOUSTON—The Houston Museum of Natural Science (HMNS) is hosting the Magna Carta (Great Charter) through the summer.  The loan of the documents is a partnership arrangement between the Houston Museum of Natural Science and Chapter of Hereford Cathedral and Hereford Cathedral Perpetual Trust.

 

In addition, HMNS is home to the Cockrell Butterfly Center, which is a stunning, living exhibit showcasing thousands of fluttering butterflies through a natural rainforest setting.

 

The Hall of Paleontology has thousands of years of history in 30,000 square feet of space that contain more than 60 new mounts.  Burke Baker Planetarium allows the visitor to experience vivid imagery of space and special effects projected onto the Planetarium's domed surface.

 

The Wortham Giant Screen Theater is movie magic in digital 3D. Twin state-of-the-art 4K digital 3D projectors have been installed to allow you to travel around the globe and experience wonders of the world, all without leaving your seat, as they are projected on the giant screen measuring 60 feet by 80 feet wide.

 

Newscast Media's Joseph Earnest went specifically to capture the exhibition of Magna Carta, since it is on loan for a limited time only in Houston.

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Introduction to the Magna Carta exhibition in Houston, Texas.—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

The Magna Carta (Great Charter). —Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Timeline of Magna Carta exhibited in Houston, Texas—Photo By Joseph Earnest.

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Timeline of Magna Carta exhibited in Houston, Texas—Photo By Joseph Earnest.

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Many remember the movie "Braveheart" in which Mel Gibson starred as William Wallace.  Above is Wallace's portrait bust.—Photo By Joseph Earnest.

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Weapons used in the dark ages—Photo By Joseph Earnest.

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Medieval chain ball with spikes—Photo By Joseph Earnest.

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Knight with chain-linked armor for protection against arrows and spears—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Goose Feather / Pen Knife / Melanterite From Salts / Gum Arabic / Oak Wasp Gall.

The ink used to pen the Magna Carta was made from oak galls and from iron salts. Galls are created when a wasp damages an oak tree and lays its eggs in the wound. To defend itself, the tree creates the gall to contain the larvae. To make the ink, the gall was ground and fermented.  To this solution, iron salts, which occur naturally in mineral form, and gum Arabic were added.  The resulting ink was filtered before being used.  When properly prepared, the ink could be stored in an ink well or dried for use when traveling.      —Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

A scribe's desk. Finally the scribe would use a sharp penknife to cut a goose quill into a suitable pen for writing.  Oak gall ink is permanent so mistakes made would require scraping off a thin layer of parchment to remove the error—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

Crossbows came in different sizes, as can be seen here.  One version was small enough to be operated by one individual.  The larger crossbow was used in castle defense and was typically mounted on the walls. These weapons were widely used at the time of Magna Carta.—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

In 1199, a bolt fired from a crossbow mortally wounded Richard the Lionheart. In 1217, a bolt killed Thomas du Perche, commander of invading French Troops—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

In the Medieval period, clothing really did make the man. Materials used to make clothes varied depending on social rank. The lowest classes had clothes made of sturdy wool, which had to be flexible and appropriate for physical labor.—Photo By Joseph Earnest  

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

As the level of wealth increased, so did the luxury of the fabrics used for everyday clothing.  Silk, for example, was so expensive it was generally purchased by the ounce rather than the length. Nine-year-old King Henry III wore clothing far more luxurious than a nine-year old peasant working in the fields.      —Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Twigs were used as toothbrushes in the Medieval age—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Iron implements that were made by blacksmiths of the day—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Kitchen utensils in a wooden box—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Medieval Society: The king occupied the top of the social pyramid. Below him, in ever greater numbers, were lords and knights, identified as vassals to the king, and the peasants—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Lotario dei Conti di Segni was born around 1160, in Gavignano, forty miles south of Rome, Italy.  Lotario received his early education in Rome, Italy. In 1198, he was elected Pope, taking the name Innocent III.

 

As Pope, Innocent III asserted the absolute spiritual authority of his office, and defended the Church against European rulers meddling in the selection of bishops.  While ostensibly respecting the temporal authority of kings, he could not resist becoming involved in politics whenever a chance presented itself.

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Innocent spent the majority if his tenure as Pope preparing for a great  crusade on the Holy Land. His first attempt was the Fourth Crusade which he decreed in 1198.—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta

The year 1215 was important for Innocent III as well as King John.  The English King gave up his land in England and all future territories and asked the Pope to annul the Magna Carta.  What King John unknowingly did was also give away America.  That agreement is still in full effect, hence the phrase, "The Pope owns all the land."

 

In that year, the Pope called the Fourth Lateran Council aimed at solidifying his worldly power in Europe, a goal he achieved. *In return for King John's submission to his authority, Pope Innocent III annulled the first version of Magna Carta.

 

One thing the Founding Fathers were unaware of is that King John had pledged all land acquisations to Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor in the treaty of 1213. After they found out, The Founding Fathers, King George and the Vatican decided to use the draft of the Constitution to regulate and control the Colonists.  The Constitution was then converted to a TRUST making public officers TRUSTEES and they unknowingly made the American people the BENEFICIARIES of the secret Trust.  The Beneficiaries who do not know how to assert their Beneficiary (Constitutionally protected) Rights are therefore treated as a CORPORATE FICTION.  (U.C.C. §1-201(27) "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity.)

 

Only the NATURAL PERSON can transcend and overcome this trickery by asserting his Inherent Rights. The Constitution simply prevents others from infringing upon your God-given rights, so you must assert your rights and the particular statute that protects them from being violated.

 

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Lobby of the Houston Museum of Natural Science.—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Mecom Fountain by day at Houston's Museum District—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

magna carta NewscastMedia.com Joseph Earnest

Wide view of Mecom Fountain—Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

houston museum of natural science

I chose to pay $20 as a good will gesture of my support for the arts and cultural celebration in Houston, even though media practitioners can get in for free, due to the free publicity they give the institution.                                                                      —Photo By Joseph Earnest

 

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