Newscast Media HOUSTON, Texas—The beginning of May has brought with it several challenges and developments in the developing world, warranting this Treatise On The African Reality to be written in order to address several aspects of what is happening in Africa, and how to meet the challenges faced by the native indigenous Africans in their homeland. *(At the end of the article is a PDF of the entire series that you may download and read at your leisure without logging on to the Web).
When African nations gained independence, there was hope that since rulership was back in the hands of Africans, all areas of the Continent that utilized their resources and raw materials prudently would prosper, just like Europe and the rest of the developed world. When the colonialists left, they had helped build schools, hospitals, bridges, government institutions, roads and had also preserved areas of wildlife that were converted into game parks, game reserves, bird sanctuaries and wetlands.
Little did they know was that after independence, there would emerge a crop of leaders that were poorly educated in managing Africa’s resources and were more interested in enriching themselves, while allowing their nations to become heavily indebted to international institutions like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Most of the regimes in sub-Saharan Africa operate on a Machiavellian principle and use fear to rule over others, because they do not have the tact nor necessary diplomatic skills to handle interpersonal relationships. In addition, most are untrained in business and commerce, since they come from poor and obscure backgrounds, so they end up hijacking their nations’ resources for their own personal gain, while the natives wallow in poverty.
Nicollo Machiavelli (1469-1527) who was a diplomat and writer, believed that a shortcoming even more serious than ignorance was a nation’s ignorance of the true motivations of people’s actions. In his play The Mandrake Root, he demonstrates the tricks used to seduce a young woman. In the truth, however, none of the characters is fooled. All of them from the young woman being seduced, to her husband, realize what is happening but use the seduction to their own advantage. In the play Machiavelli challenges the humanistic assumption that knowledgeable individuals will naturally choose virtue over vice. Machiavelli believed that individuals are more likely to respond to fear, and that power, makes for good government.
The “rule through fear” line of thought was held during the renaissance, yet it contradicts our very own human nature, because you will always hate someone you are afraid of.
Of what good, therefore, is it to rule over people using fear, yet one always has to sleep with one eye open, knowing how much hatred the people harbor toward him?
Cicero, one of the greatest minds of classical antiquity observed: “There is no man upon the whole earth who would want to live surrounded by unlimited wealth and affluence if the price he had to pay was to renounce both loving and being loved. That is how a tyrant lives–without mutual trust, without affection, without any assurance of enduring goodwill. In such a life, suspicion and anxiety reign everywhere, and friendship has no place. For no one can love the person he fears, or the person he believes himself to be feared by.” (Cicero: On The Good Life, pp. 201).
There was also a vulgar statement that was uttered during classical antiquity that: “We ought to love as if one day we are going to hate.” This utterance was attributed to Bias, one of the seven wise men (sages). The seven wise men of Greece were: Pittacus of Mytilene, Perinander of Corinth, Cleobulus of Lindos, Chilon of Sparta, Solon of Athens, Bias of Priene and Thales of Miletus.
Yet Scipio, a contemporary of Cicero, refused to attribute the utterance to Bias, but instead attributed it to some degraded character. Scipio reasoned, “For how can you form a friendship with a man whom you foresaw all the time as a future enemy? If that were your approach, you would inevitably find yourself hoping and praying that your friend would do wrong on every possible occasion. And, if on the contrary, he acted creditably and fared well, you would be obliged to feel pain, distress and envy.”
(Laelius: On Friendship, pp. 207).
The African experience is made up of the few at the very top with the wealth, and the masses at the bottom that have been reduced to poverty, due to the hunger of African leaders for power, their blatant disregard for the well-being of future generations and their outright selfishness.
When new resources are discovered in the ground, these leaders make public speeches in which they claim the profits will be used to develop their countries, when in reality, the poor person never gets to enjoy the benefits of the country in which his or her taxes puts food on these politicians’ tables, and clothes on their backs.
As he spoke to a group of African leaders in 2013, Dr. Myles Munroe said, “Africa has many politicians who are not leaders. Politicians are concerned about the next election, but true leaders are concerned about the next generation. Leaders relinquish leadership positions for others.”
In reference to Nelson Mandela Africa’s greatest leader, Dr. Munroe said, “Mandela spent in prison more than 24 years but ruled for only one term. He did not use power to protect himself from people, but used power to empower people.”
Munroe concluded that Africa is underdeveloped due to the poor quality of its leaders.
“Leadership determines everything in life. Nothing happens without leadership. Whether you are talking about an organization, church or nation, everything depends on leadership for success. Leaders determine the quality and attitude of their followers. If your country is not effective, it is the fault of its leaders not its people,” said Munroe.
Most African nations do not have true democracies, but pseudo-democracies. To have a truly democratic government, means all people have an active stake in their nation’s well-being and that power is not controlled by one individual. CONTINUE TO PART II>>
Categories: News Tags: Banyoro kingds, Banyoro people, Basoga, Basoga dance, Basoga people, Bismark, Buganda, Buganda Kingdom, Buganda kings, Bunyoro, Carl Peters, decentralization, federal government, Frederick Lugard, Kabaka Daudi Chwa, Kabaka Mutesa i, Kabaka Mwanga, Kenya federal, Kenya federalization, languages of Tanzania, languages of Uganda, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Rwenzori, Myles Munroe prayer breakfast, Niccolo Machiavelli, Nigeria Protectorate, people of Kenya, people of Tanzania, people of Uganda, president of Kenya, president of Tanzania, president of Uganda, regional tiers, Republic of Uganda, tribes of Kenya, tribes of Tanzania, tribes of Uganda
Newscast Media KAMPALA, Uganda — The video circulating the Web on how Uganda opposition leader Kizza Besigye was brutalized on Thursday during an arrest, by government forces shows that the current regime in Uganda will go down as one of the most brutal and ruthless toward its citizens. The video below speaks for itself.
secret police displaying vigilantism and ruthless conduct toward Ugandans
After the most recent elections in Uganda, several political analysts including the opposition parties believed the general election had been rigged. The current National Resistance Movement headed by Yoweri Museveni has been in power for 25 years and are gunning for five additional years. During Idi Amin’s regime, historians say, it was rare to see military personnel walking the streets because they were confined to barracks. The same applies to Amin’s police. The crimes that are said to have been committed by either Amin or under his direction have conflicting theories. Indeed several prominent Ugandans like Archbishop Janani Luwum, Chief Justice Benedicto Kiwanuka, Basil Bataringaya and many others, died under mysterious circumstances. Most of the people who were victims during Amin’s reign simply disappeared, are have been unaccounted for.
What many historians seem to agree on is that Idi Amin had the most disciplined soldiers and police, Uganda has ever known. There was never looting or police vigilantism during that time. Amin claims he was framed and never committed the crimes they said he did, while others insist that he was the mastermind. Again these are still issues being debated so it is hard to reach a solid conclusion as to
what may or may not have happened, or who may or may have not committed the crimes.
One thing Idi Amin was able to succeed in during his reign was to unite Ugandans as a people. There was no tribalism or sectarianism as we see happening today. The current regime has been the most polarizing regime, and the tribalism in Uganda is at peak levels, it is hard to believe how people discriminate against each other and are so utterly prejudiced against one another, yet they come from the same country and are all native Africans.
In America, if one is discriminated against because of skin color or based on their country or origin, it comes as no surprise. It is not just Blacks discriminated against, you also have reverse-racism where Whites are discriminated against. In some situations it is tougher for a White male to get a job or a scholarship, than somebody from a minority race. It happens to all Americans whether Black, White,
Mexican or Chinese. That’s why there are Affirmative Action and Equal Employment Opportunity laws to solve this problem in the US. However, when you have people of the same skin color, same country of origin who speak the same tongue discriminate against each other because of tribal origin, then such a problem cannot be solved by simply giving people racial diversity or sensitivity lessons or creating laws against such acts.
Uganda’s remedy for oppression
The only remedy to the oppression and brutality that has caused Ugandans to be hostages in their own country would be to break the country up into separate nation states. None of these problems existed when the separate regions governed themselves independently. After the nation-states where combined into one country called Uganda, certain tribes became opportunistic while others became ruthless, brutal and oppressive. The problem of tribalism in Uganda will not go away. In political office, certain tribes are favored over others and dominate the landscape, giving little chance to tribes from other regions of the
country to participate in the dialogue. It would therefore make sense to free Ugandans from the psychological slavery they face, by allowing the nation-states to return to their previous status.
Rwanda is a perfect case-study. It is a very small nation and was once declared a “failed state” however, within a decade, Rwanda had surpassed its neighbors in prosperity and is a success story that can be duplicated, if the various regions of Uganda collectively decide to secede. This is how the model would work:
(i) The East would choose an effective and respected leader like Nandala Mafabi to lead them and could call themselves the Elgon Republic, with their capital in Jinja or Soroti, or simply build a new one.
(ii) The Central region already has a local government in place and could call itself the Kingdom of Buganda, (if they choose to a monarchy), or if the they decide upon a republic it could be called Republic of Buganda. They could keep Kampala as their capital, or move it to Mengo or Rubaga, and build a new capital around the man-made lake they have. It would create a spectacular scenery for the city that could flow with fountains, and have bridges over the lake.
(iii) The North could call itself the Nile Republic and choose the leadership of Norbert Mao or Olara Otunnu, and could make Gulu their capital city. The North is already well-developed so there isn’t much work that needs to be done. The North also has the bravest men, so they would form a formidable army. Their southern neighbors in Buganda tend to be docile, until you try to harm their King or encroach upon their land, that’s when the warrior in them comes out, and at that point not even the bravest forces can stop them.
(iv) The West comprises Bunyoro and Toro kingdoms, and the names suggest they are closely related one being a sub-set of the other. These two can either agree to a dual-mornachy, or form a new republic and perhaps call it the Rwenzori Republic, with Fort Portal as the capital.
(v) Ankole, could then form its own republic called Republic of Ankole and have Museveni rule them, with Mbarara as their capital city. People from Ankole are closely related to those from Rwanda, so I’m sure Rwanda’s Kagame would embrace having a healthy partnership with the newly-formed republic and
provide for them the same model for success that Rwanda used to get to where it is now.
Transportation and border issues:
In regard to travel, they could still use the current Ugandan passports, until each newly-formed republic prints new ones. The current passports would then be gradually phased out. As for border-crossings, the current African system where Africans can freely travel to other African countries, would be the same model used. Unless of course a country wants to isolate itself.
A Trans-Great Lakes highway or railway system, could efficiently transport passengers from one region to another, however, such a system would take years to complete due to poor funding and little investment in infrastructure. This suggested model of governance, could be Uganda’s solution to overcoming living in a police state under constant fear of vigilantism by the government as depicted in the above video.
Masses by the thousands in Tunis gathered and demanded the resignation of President Zine
al-Abidine Ben Ali
Newscast Media TUNIS, Tunisia — The expression “Yezzi Fock” is a Tunisian slang for “enough is enough”. Africans in general seem to be tired of regimes that win elections on the premise that the leaders are for the people, yet once in office, the majority of these leaders want to cling to power, and will not hesitate to squash opposing voices or oppress the very people that put them in office.
What happened in Tunisia should be taken very seriously by the international community that has a tendency of just standing by and sweeping injustices and atrocities committed against Africans under the rug. Africans in Tunisia knew that they were not going to receive any outside help, so they banded together and ousted their leader President Ben Ali.
Before tackling Tunisia, one must ask oneself the question, why would a country like Tunisia that is not known for public demonstrations take such a quantum leap to oust its leader? The answer lies within three countries: Kenya, Zimbabwe and Ivory Coast. In both Kenya and Zimbabwe, there were no winners or losers in the elections and the international community just winked. In Ivory Coast there was a clear winner, Alassane Ouattara, who won by 54 percent against current leader President Laurent GbaGbo’s 45 percent. Upon learning the results, the military closed the country’s borders and international news sources were suspended. Paul Yao N’Dre, chairman of the Constitutional Council, which validates election results, and a staunch ally of GbaGbo, proceeded to declare the elections “null and void.” Once again the international community did nothing as GbaGbo held on to power.
At an address at the Episcopal National Cathedral, Washington D.C. on March 31, 1968, Martin Luther King said, “On some positions, Cowardice asks the question, “Is it safe?” Expediency asks the question, “Is it politic?” And Vanity comes along and asks the question, “Is it popular?” But Conscience asks the question “Is it right?” And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must do it because Conscience tells him it is right. This is the challenge facing modern man.”
The people in Tunisia weren’t having it. They knew that no regime change would occur if they themselves didn’t do something about it. On Thursday January 13, 2011, knowing that their freedoms and liberties were at stake, Tunisians finally said, “Yezzo Fock!” Within 24 hours, a mass uprising swept the nation like a Tsunami demanding the president resign. The people finally succeeded in running President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali and his family out of the country. He is reported to have fled to Saudi Arabia as a refugee after being president for more than 23 years.
The House of Saud released a statement saying, “Out of concern for the exceptional circumstances facing the brotherly Tunisian people and in support of the security and stability of their country… the Saudi government has welcomed President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and his family to the kingdom,” the statement read.
Many Tunisians were especially overjoyed at the prospect of life without Ben Ali’s wife Leila Trabelsi and her family. Leaked U.S. diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks had discussed the high levels of nepotism and corruption displayed by her clan. But U.S. State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley rejected any notion that WikiLeaks disclosures led to the revolution in Tunisia, saying Sunday that Tunisians were already well aware of the graft, nepotism and lavish lifestyles of the former president and his relatives.
Tunisian media reported one brother-in-law of the president, Imed Trabelsi, was attacked by an angry mob at Tunis airport and died. The reports could not be immediately confirmed.
In Africa, rarely do heads of state hand over power peacefully to their opponents if they lose elections. The “clinging to power syndrome” permeates all levels of politics that’s the reason why governments intimidate their citizens into submission using the iron fist. The police’s idea of controlling riots is to shoot citizens with live bullets or to smash their heads with batons. This is because they too have a stake in whichever regime they serve, so when regimes get toppled, the oppressors have no choice but to flee because they were the very ones committing atrocities against their own citizens.
Corruption in autocratic regimes and rigging of elections is not uncommon. These types of leaders might resort to force, manipulation, or even threats to accomplish their goals. Media houses in such regimes are either state-owned or are bought off to paint a favorable picture of the autocratic leader, and also subdue the citizens using psychological warfare. In such countries, journalists literally have no freedom of press. Numerous stories are aired everyday where journalists are arrested and jailed because a leader may not like the tone of an article written.
Another African country to watch is Uganda, that will be having its elections on February 18, 2011. The battle will be between the incumbent Yoweri Museveni whose ruling National Resistance Movement party has been in power since 1986, and Kizza Besigye representing the Inter-party Co-operation. Neighboring Kenya had elections in which both Raila Odinga and Mwai Kibaka declared themselves winners which resulted in riots. The battle the incumbent Museveni of Uganda is facing is winning over the largest tribe –the Baganda.
The Baganda people feel oppressed even though they supported Museveni during his guerilla wars in the 80s that eventually landed him in the presidency. This one tribe alone is enough to swing an election one way or another, so the task Museveni has is to win over a majority of this tribe, which would take a miracle, since the government has been at loggerheads with the kingdom of Buganda, going as far as requiring the King to get a permit to travel in his very own kingdom. Despite its troubled past, the nation is very rich in minerals including gold, lithium, uranium, diamonds, copper and dozens more, and has recently discovered large oil reserves.
The United States including the rest of the international community should keep an eye on how the elections unfold in Uganda on February 18, given the tribal tension that permeates the Pearl Of Africa.
The ousting of President Ben Ali is a reminder to all autocratic and authoritarian leaders that nothing lasts forever. Even the Romans, as great and sophisticated warriors as they were, succumbed to the determined barbarians who defeated them with sheer will-power and determination.
Victor Marie Hugo the great French poet put it best in Histoire d’un Crime which translates to (The History of a Crime) written 1852, published 1877, when he wrote, “No army can stop an idea whose time has come.
Categories: News Tags: Buganda Kingdom, February elections Uganda, Federo Buganda, Kizza Besigye, President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, The Kabaka of Buganda, the land bill, Tunis demonstrators, Tunis news, Tunis riots, Tunisa president Ben Ali, Tunisia new government, Tunisia news, Tunisia president Ben Ali Saudi Arabia, Uganda election results, Uganda elections 2011, Yoweri Museveni